Yoga, the art of practice that originated in ancient India, is a philosophical theory, a way of fitness, and at the same time a medical method. Modern research has also proved that this "elegant" exercise also has a good effect on disease recovery.
01. What is yoga
The ancient Indians believed in the unity of nature and man, so they integrated the method of yoga practice into their daily lives, and always followed the same practice. This close connection and high degree of unity between body and mind is very closely related to personal consciousness.
After 5000 years of precipitation, the infinite charm of yoga has become more and more unfolding. Nowadays, yoga has taken the world by storm. Throughout the development process of the spread, many genres have emerged, such as Hatha Yoga which focuses on body purification, Raja Yoga which focuses on spiritual purification, Flow Yoga which is more modern, and hot yoga and aerial yoga which are increasingly popular in gyms, and many more.
However, no matter what form of yoga appears in people’s vision, the ultimate goal is to take human health as the basic principle. Through yoga teaches us to know ourselves through physical, mental, and spiritual exercises, so as to achieve inner harmony and outer in the health.
During yoga practice, the body, mind and breath are connected to each other, which can produce a sense of peace, relaxation and harmony. The exercises of body posture can treat many diseases, strengthen muscle strength and improve flexibility.
The various actions in the posture can make the blood reach the most saturated state, and flow to the smallest part of the body, so that it can get sufficient nutrition.
From a psychological point of view, yoga can also make people concentrate, calm the soul, and produce a sense of balance, tranquility, and satisfaction. The difference between yoga and other sports is that it has both physical and psychological factors.
Yoga poses can not only exercise muscles, improve the perception and flexibility of the body, but also generate inner consciousness, stabilize the mind, and awaken deep-level perceptions to bring about a comprehensive balance of body and mind.
Therefore, practice yoga is not only imitating movements, but also the coordination of breathing and perception.
02. Meditation and Yoga
The so-called meditation is to stop the intellectual and rational cerebral cortex, and make the autonomic nervous system active. To put it simply, it is a spiritual self-discipline behavior that stops all external activities of consciousness and achieves "selflessness".
This is not to disappear consciousness, but to make the activities of the underlying consciousness more sensitive and active when the consciousness is very clear. During meditation, people focus on their own breathing and slowly adjust their breathing, adopt certain physical postures to minimize external stimuli, and produce specific mental images.
Meditation is more than just relaxation. Relaxation is simply to rest the body and mood, while meditation is to consciously focus on a certain point or idea. After repeated practice for a long time, the brain enters a higher level of consciousness.
According to scientific experiments, when a person enters a meditation state, the brain's activity will show regular brain waves. At this time, the brain neocortex that governs execution and rational thinking will be inhibited, and the brainstem and hypothalamus that are responsible for regulating hormones areas will become active.
Meditation can calm our left brain and allow our consciousness to listen to the sound of the right brain, so that our brain waves will naturally turn into alpha waves. When the brain waves appear as alpha brain waves, imagination, creativity, and inspiration will continue to flow out. At this time, the judgment and understanding of things will be greatly improved, and at the same time, the body and mind will feel stable, happy, and refreshed. Does it sound wonderful?
03. Yoga and Tumor
Yoga and meditation are more like forms of fitness for modern people. But in fact, if it is only regarded as a weight loss exercise, it would greatly underestimate their role.
Regarding yoga therapy, it has been popular in many developed countries including the United States, Japan, and Europe. From chronic lung diseases to heart problems, as well as adjuvant therapy for cancer, all have their place.
For example, Japan also has a special yoga therapy society (Japan Yoga Therapy society, JYTS) that specializes in training yoga therapy coaches and organizing social activities and research on yoga therapy.
The pressure generated during the diagnosis and treatment of cancer can bring many discomforts to the body, such as anxiety, nausea and vomiting, tiredness, pain, sleep disturbance and weakened immunity, etc., which will affect the patient's own disease recovery and family member relationships. Adverse effects.
Yoga is the most commonly used physical and mental exercise method to deal with these adverse reactions. Meditation is recommended for reducing anxiety in breast cancer patients. A number of clinical trials have proven its role in breast cancer.
An analysis of 47 studies involving 3515 patients showed that mindfulness meditation programs can improve quality of life related to anxiety, stress, sadness and mental health at 8 weeks and 3-6 months. The results of this series are helpful to our postoperative rehabilitation guidelines.
Many methods for assessing the benefits of yoga only use survey responses and scores based on the subjective feelings of patients. Recently, the well-known medical journal: Journal of Clinial Oncology (JCO) published a randomized controlled study on the relationship between yoga and inflammation, mood, and fatigue in patients after breast cancer surgery.
It is the first time to use the quantity of inflammatory factors in the blood to evaluate the influence of yoga on postoperative rehabilitation of patients. More objectively, it proves that yoga can indeed reduce inflammatory factors in the blood, including IL6, TNFα, and IL1β. These inflammatory factors, which stimulate the human body for a long time, are the bad molecules that can subtly increase the risk of disease and death, even for healthy people.
Therefore, yoga and meditation are rare and good ways for breast cancer patients to recover after surgery.
04. How to practice yoga
For postoperative patients, it is best to practice after 2 months. For patients undergoing axillary lymph node dissection or prosthesis implantation, the postoperative recovery time can be extended appropriately, and exercise should not be carried out too quickly.
The exercise action can be the lower limbs first, and then gradually transition to the upper limbs to avoid excessive stretching and support of the upper limbs. Implantation of the prosthesis may damage the integrity of the pectoralis major and minor muscles, and part of the strength and stretching training for the pectoralis major and minor muscles may be difficult for patients.
Therefore, do not blindly practice asanas such as camel pose, four-corner table pose, and flat plank pose. You can first choose simple poses, strong stability, lower limbs and spine-based poses, such as warrior pose, bound lotus pose, back extension pose, etc.
In addition, for yoga, especially for patients undergoing rehabilitation after breast cancer, it is appropriate to choose a professional private teacher for yoga counseling.
Due to the particularity of the postoperative body, some asana selections require more professional staff to guide them. It is obviously irrational to blindly follow the big class classes in the fitness club. Every year, a considerable proportion of normal people suffer from yoga diseases due to yoga training.
Practitioners forced themselves too hard when doing movements, and even hurt their back, waist, neck, etc. Ligament strains, cartilage tears, joint inflammation, neuralgia, etc. are all common "yoga diseases." These are caused by insufficient understanding of the sport of yoga.
During the practice, the instructor did not teach the essence of yoga, which caused the practitioner to have a wrong understanding, only to imitate the movement, not to fully consider his flexibility, balance and strength, and did not follow the exercise principle of one's ability.
When the intensity is too high or the difficulty is too high, it may cause this kind of sports injury. This is especially true for postoperative patients. If there is no targeted correction and practice, it is easy to cause secondary damage to the body because of yoga.
At present, there is no professional and authoritative postoperative rehabilitation yoga instructor group in the world. But I believe that as more and more patients realize the advantages of yoga and are willing to actively participate in it, there will be more professional rehabilitation yoga community appeared and brought the gospel to the patients.